Crystalloids and colloids

Keywords: composition of crystalloids, colloids, use of fluids in haemorrhagic and septic shock


Administration of intravenous fluid is like giving drugs, in that they have both beneficial and harmful effects. The composition of intravenous crystalloid and colloid fluids used for resuscitation is described in detail. The use of fluids for intravascular volume replacement is discussed as well as some of the controversies of this in haemorrhagic shock and septic shock.

Author Biography

M E A Kemp, University of the Witwatersrand

Department of Anaesthesia, Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

FCA 1 Anaesthetic Refresher Course 2020