Renal replacement

Keywords: primer RRT, renal replacement therapy basics, introduction to RRT, dialysis, mechanisms of RRT


There are few, if any, technological advancements in the field of medicine that have been able to transform a life-threatening condition, in this case, end-stage renal failure, from a certain and horrible death, just some 100 years ago, to a condition manageable within the confines of one’s home. This refresher course, by no means a comprehensive text on peritoneal or haemodialysis, aims to provide the reader (a pre-part one FCA candidate) with the following brief overview:

  1. A short history of dialysis
  2. The basic physiology of fluid and solute exchange employed in renal replacement therapy (RRT)
  3. The physical principals of RRT
  4. Modality

Author Biography

L Brannigan, University of the Witwatersrand

Wits Donald Gordan Medical Centre, Transplant ICU, Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa 

FCA 1 Anaesthetic Refresher Course 2020