A review of the anatomy and a step-by-step visual guide to performing an ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block
Background: The aim of this description is to provide step-by-step guidelines for performing an ultrasound guided infraclavicular brachial plexus nerve block.
Methods: The brachial plexus in the infraclavicular fossa of sixty healthy volunteers was scanned in the horizontal/transverse plane. The relevant regional anatomy was studied to identify the muscular and vascular structures seen on the ultrasound screen.
Results: The entire process was documented and a standard, step-by-step guide to performing ultrasound guided vertical infraclavicular brachial plexus blocks was developed.
Conclusion: The development of high-resolution ultrasound guidance has allowed for the direct visualisation of the brachial plexus when performing nerve blocks. Ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus nerve blocks are becoming more popular. This description aimed to provide step-by-step guidelines on how to perform this block safely and efficiently.
The full article is available at https://doi.org/10.36303/SAJAA.2020.26.1.2292
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