Outcomes 30 days after ICU admission: the 30DOS study
AbstractBackground: The spectrum of illness and long-term outcome of critically ill patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in South Africa remains largely unknown. Objectives: This study was designed to provide data on ICU outcomes and disease burden in public sector ICUs in KwaZulu-Natal. The primary objective was to describe 30-day mortality of all patients admitted to participating sites. Secondary objectives included clinical demographics and spectrum of illness amongst these patients, and testing a template to demonstrate feasibility of such data collection. Methods: 30DOS was a multicentre, prospective, observational cohort study conducted over 30 days. An a priori decision was made to report study results separately for adults and paediatric patients. This article reports the results for adult patients. The complete 30-DOS study included 11 ICUs in six hospitals. All adult patients admitted to study ICUs were included. Patients were followed up telephonically by a research assistant. Data on patient demographics, preadmission functional scoring, injury severity scoring, co-morbidities, admission diagnosis/es, organ support, and outcome were collected. Results: A total of 228 adults were included. The majority of admissions (73.7%) occurred on an emergency basis, with 68.4% occurring in the postoperative period. Approximately half were for non-communicable disease (49.6%), followed by trauma (29.0%) and infectious disease (21.5%). There were a total of 59 (25.9%) deaths within the first 30 days after admission. In-ICU mortality was 19.7%. There were 12 (5.3%) in-hospital deaths following discharge and two (0.9%) out-of-hospital deaths. Thirty-day survival was known for 174 (76.3%) admissions with a 33.9% mortality rate. Conclusion: Overall in-ICU mortality was 19.7% with a large trauma burden in a young population. Thirty-day mortality was 33.9%. Information pertaining to patient demographics and spectrum of illness provided novel information to further the understanding of the demand placed on critical care resources within South Africa. (Full text available online at www.medpharm.tandfonline.com/ojaa) South Afr J Anaesth Analg 2017; DOI: 10.1080/10.1080/22201181.2017.1402553
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